Here are some general steps for planting garden leeks:
- Choose a planting location: Leeks prefer well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. They also require full sun to grow properly, so choose a location that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
- Prepare the soil: Before planting, prepare the soil by loosening it to a depth of 8-10 inches and removing any rocks or debris. Add compost or well-rotted manure to the soil to improve its fertility and texture.
- Plant the seeds or seedlings: Leeks can be grown from seeds or seedlings. If starting from seeds, sow them indoors in early spring, and transplant the seedlings outside once they are 6-8 inches tall. If using seedlings, plant them outside in early spring or early fall. Space the seedlings 4-6 inches apart in rows that are 12-18 inches apart.
- Water and fertilize: Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged, throughout the growing season. Leeks benefit from regular fertilization, so apply a balanced fertilizer every 4-6 weeks.
- Hill the soil: As the leeks grow, hill the soil up around the stems to blanch them and encourage longer, thicker stems. This can be done by gently mounding soil up around the stems, being careful not to get soil inside the stems.
- Harvest: Leeks are ready to harvest when the stems are about 1-2 inches in diameter. To harvest, dig the leeks out of the ground with a fork or spade, being careful not to damage the stems.